الخميس، 17 مارس، 2011

The Past Simple Tense

زمن الماضي البسيط The Past Simple Tense

يتكون زمن الماضي البسيط من التصريف الثاني للفعل

بالنسبة للافعال المنتظمة يضاف d / ed الى مصدر الفعل

اما الافعال الشاذة فيجب ان تحفظ

Ex :

You called John. (Positive)

Did you call John? (Question)

You didn't call john . (Negative)

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Usage الاستخدام

يستخدم زمن الماضي البسيط للتعبير عن حدث بدأ وانتهى في وقت معين من الماضي

Ex :

I saw a movie yesterday.

I didn't see a play yesterday.

Last year, I traveled to Japan.

Last year, I didn't travel to Korea.

Did you have dinner last night.

She washed her car.

He didn't wash his car.

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يستخدم زمن الماضي البسيط للتعبير عن سلسلة من الاحداث المكتملة في الماضي وهذه الاحداث تكون مرتبة اولا ، ثانيا ، ثالثا ، وهكذا

Ex :

I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.

He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00.

Did you add flour, pour in the milk, and then add the eggs?

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يستخدم زمن المضارع البسيط لوصف العادات التي توقفت في الماضي وهو يحمل نفس معنى " used to " ولكي نوضح اننا نتحدث عن عادات نقوم باضافة بعض العبارات مثل

always, often, usually, never, when I was a child, when I was younger

Ex :

I studied French when I was a child.

He played the violin.

He didn't play the piano.

Did you play a musical instrument when you were a kid?

She worked at the movie theater after school.

They never went to school, they always skipped class.

السبت، 12 مارس، 2011

The Present Continuous tense


The Present Continuous tense زمن المضارع المستمر


Formation
التكوين


I >>> am + verb + ing



He

She >>> is + verb + ing

It



We

They >>> are + verb + ing

you



Usage الاستخدام



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للتعبير عن حدث مستمر الحدوث وقت الكلام مع الكلمات ، مثل :

Look out - Look - Listen - Now - At the moment



Ex :

1 - She is Writing a letter now.

2 - They are watching TV at the moment.

3 - I am learning English now.

4 - Listen! Mona is singing.




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لا تستخدم الافعال الاتية في المضارع المستمر ونستخدم بدلا منه المضارع البسيط :



1 - Verbs of senses :
افعال الحواس

see , hear , smell , notice , taste



2 - Verbs of thinking :
افعال الفكر التلقائي او اللاارادي

know , understand , mean , believe , remember , forget



3 - Verbs of feeling :
افعال العاطفة والشعور

want , wish , hate , love , like , dislike



4 - State verbs :
افعال ليس فيها أداء يقوم به الفاعل

seem , cost , weigh , need , have = own



Ex :

1 - We need some food now.

2 - Now I understand the questions.

3 - She seems happy at the moment.

الاثنين، 7 مارس، 2011

The Present Simple Tense



Formation : التكوين

To form the present simple tense we use the base of the verb ( study , speak , work ), but in the third person singular ( He , She , It ), the base form of the verb takes -s/es.

يتكون زمن المضارع البسيط من التصريف الاول للفعل ( الفعل في صيغة المصدر ) مع اضافة s او es

للفعل مع ضمائر المفرد الغائب He, She , It .

Examples :

I / You / We / They work for a well-known Egyptian company

He / She / It lives in Cairo

For negative we use النفي

Don't with I / You / We / They

.Ex : I / You / We / They don't like milk

Doesn't with He / She / It

.Ex : He / She / It doesn't eat fish

Interrogative form الاستفهام

1- WH questions :

Where do You / We / They live? I/ We / They live in cairo.

When does He / She arrive at work? He / She arrives at 7 o'clock.

2-YES / NO questions :

Do I / You / We / They live in Cairo? Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

Does He / She work there? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.

We use the present simple tense for: الاستخدام

1- Habits / repeated actionsالعادات والاحداث المتكررة

Ex:

1. Philip gets up at 6 o'clock every morning.

2. I go to school every day.

3She sometimes goes out on Friday night.

2- Situations which are true for along time. المواقف التي تستمر لفترة طويلة

Ex:

1. I work in a bank.

2. Kate speaks English very well.

3. Tom lives in London.

3-Facts that are always true. الحقائق العلمية التي لاتقبل التغيير

Ex:

1. My birthday is in May.

2. California is in the United States.

3. The sun rises in the east.

 
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